Dehydration Symptoms: Understanding Dehydration and Its Symptoms
Understanding body fluids
Living organisms survive on water and other fluids since they comprise a large part of their bodies. In certain conditions the quantity of fluid may increase or decrease due to whatsoever reasons making the body vulnerable to medical dangers. It is imperative that the body retains certain and vital level of fluid in order to stay alive.
Also read: Can dehydration cause back pain?
Dehydration at a glance
The word ‘dehydration’ is synonymous with the word ‘hypohydration’ (hypo meaning ‘low’ and hydration ‘the process of merging something with water’) literally meaning the loss of water. In medical terminology, it is the absence of the required amount of water and fluids from the body. Dehydration can occur due to a number of reasons as discussed under;
What causes dehydration?
Dehydration is the upshot of a number of causes. It is either because the fluids are not taken in, or are expelled due to medical conditions or day to day exertions. The body can lose fluids because of sweating as a result of physical work like jogging or exercising, fever, loss of fluids in the form of diarrhea and vomiting etc. In a number of cases, the patient may be refusing to take in fluids because of appetite loss, an upset stomach, nausea, or due to sores in the throat or mouth.
Dehydration Signs and Symptoms
A number of symptoms are associated with dehydration. The most significant symptoms of dehydration are:
- dry mouth – when the mouth starts to get dry and the saliva production decreases.
- trenching – At the back of the throat, feeling of ‘trenching’ is felt and the mouth becomes sticky.
- Low urine output and yellow colour urine – Because of the excessive capitulation of urine (which could have been the cause of dehydration), the patient feels less or no urge to urinate. Even if he does, the urine color is dark yellow.
- Less or no tears – The tear glands in the eyes also become dry since a dehydrated person cannot produce tears. As a result of this, the eyes look hollow and dark as well. The patient also feels an urge to throw up whatever is taken in.
- Dry skin
The blood pressure of the patient drops down due to loss of physical activity. Capillaries replenish with blood at a slow rate as a result of which the skin looks pale and dry. Palpitation is also another symptom of dehydration. The skin also loses its elasticity and it can be noticed that upon pinching it, it takes time for the skin to go back to normal. As these symptoms appear, it is highly recommended to visit a doctor without delay. Consequently, the patient may go into a coma if the dehydration becomes severe.
If dehydration is mild, the patient can recover upon intake of small quantities of fluid, continuously. Electrolyte balancing solutions also come in handy in such situations. However, it is crucial to take the patient to the hospital as dehydration can be fatal if left untreated for long.
Disclaimer: This article is merely for informational purposes. It is not directed to provide any sort of medical advice and neither the author of this piecework holds any responsibility which may arise as a consequence of using this article for medical procedures. It is suggested to seek the counsel of a physician or doctor before opting for treatments.