Hernia – A Disease That Requires Utmost Attention
What is hernia and what are the causes for this terrible disease? Generally, a hernia is an abnormal swelling or bulging of a part of an organ in the abdomen and groin area because of the weak tissues that normally include it. In this state, a part of the organ overhangs due to the laxity or weak opening in the abdominal wall. A hernia can grow in any part of the body but mostly it affects in the muscles of the abdominal wall. Usually, a hernia develops when the inside layer of the abdominal wall becomes weak thus giving way to protrude a balloon-like sac. This bulging of organ through the weak abdominal wall causes pain and many other serious health problems.
A hernia can affect both men and women irrespective of age and sex. Besides natural weakness in the abdominal area, hernia is also caused due to strain on the abdominal wall or injury from hard and heavy lifting, excessive weight gain, relenting cough or problems with bowel movement and urination. Hernia is also inherited and develops as the individual grows. Almost eighty percent of all hernias develop in the groin area. It can also be found below the groin area between the groin and the thigh.
Different types of hernia that can affect an individual:
Although there are different types of hernia some of the most common are the followings:
Abdominal wall hernia – It is also called an epigastric or ventral hernia and affects one individual in every hundred nationwide. Generally inguinal hernia and umbilical hernia also falls into this group.
Femoral hernia – Although femoral hernia is most often developed in women it affects both the sexes. Here we can find the bulging in the groin area and the other at the top of the inner thigh.
Umbilical hernia – This affects both men and women. Here an intestinal loop protrusion occurs in the abdominal wall at the navel but the loop remains beneath the skin.
Hiatus hernia – This also affects both men and women. Hiatus hernias are common in people over the age of fifty. Here the loop in the abdomen when mostly full protrudes upward to the chest passing through the esophagus and leaving the abdominal cavity. This type of hernia does not cause any problem in the groin area or in any other part of the body but it cause pain and burning sensation in the heart.
Incisional hernia – This is a hernia that develops in the part of the body that undergoes a surgical incision. This type of hernia is caused due to the strain on the healing tissues and due to excessive muscular effort, lifting, coughing or extreme pressure in that particular part of the body.
Sings and symptoms of hernia
It is most common for footballers, golfers, sports persons and athletes to be victims of groin pain. At first it can be acute pain in the groin area, difficulty in movement and gradually following with chronic and continuous health problems. Here are some of the most common hernia symptoms.
– A noticeable bulging of a part of an organ in the groin area or in the affected part.
– Feeling of severe pain while lifting heavy objects.
– A dull aching sensation in the affected part.
– An indistinct feeling of dullness and heaviness.
What can be done to prevent a hernia?
Though most of the factors that cause the growth of hernia are beyond the control of an individual there are certain precautions that can be taken to prevent the development of this disease to some extent. Hernia develops due to the weak abdominal wall and its tissue formation and most commonly it develops in sports persons and athletes but that risk can be reduced by using good body mechanics and effective abdominal support systems while doing hard and rigorous activities.
How can you treat hernia?
Although there are several ways to treat hernia, surgery is considered as the most effective way to repair this terrible disease. The others ways may result in various aspects and accordingly to the different types of hernia. Generally, it is most advisable to treat hernia immediately after a proper diagnosis. There are some uncomplicated hernias that can be repaired by merely pushing back or reducing the hernia affected tissues and healing the weak abdominal cells through an operation called herniorrhaphy. But most complicated abdominal hernias required surgery for completely repairing hernia and the herniated organs can even be resects by surgeons if necessary. A hernia if not treated in time will give rise to the following complications like inflammation, irreducibility, obstruction, strangulation, hydrocele of the hernial sac, hemorrhage, autoimmune problems and even death. So it is most essential to consult a doctor and get a proper diagnose when there is a groin pain or even minor damage in the muscle cells. Usually surgery is required for repairing all type of hernia but true experts would not rush into surgery before proper diagnosing the patient, so it is quite essential to consult a hernia specialist who can deal with this terrible disease most efficiently.